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2009.08.02 11:46 자유란?
만약 우리가 언제 죽을지 미리 알고 산다면 우리의 삶은 지금과 다를 것입니다. 죽는 날을 카운트다운 한다면 그것은 아마 우리의 목을 졸이는 일이 될 것입니다. 내일이라도 아니 한시간 뒤에 우리가 죽게 될지 30년 뒤에 죽게 될지 모르기 때문에 우리는 지금 이렇게 행복하게 살고 있습니다. 암선고를 받고  3~6개월 정도의 삶을 앞둔 이 교수는 자신의 마지막 대학강단에서 자신이 살아온 삶을 정리하고 학생들에게 살아갈 희망을 주고 있습니다. 죽음을 앞둔 사람과 죽음을 지켜보는 그 누구도 슬픈 표정을 짓지 않습니다. 1시간이 넘는 강의동안 짧은 웃음만 여기 저기서 들릴 뿐입니다. 거의 마지막에 등장한 와이프의 슬픈 모습을 제외한다면 이 강의가 그의 죽음을 앞둔 강의처럼 보이지 않습니다.
미국인이 살아가는 방법을 간접적으로 느낄 수 있습니다.
살아있는 동안 자신의 꿈을 버리지 않고 자신이 하고 싶은대로 자유롭게 살아가는 인생은 후회와 두려움이 있을 것 같지 않습니다.
여기서 자유(free,  liberal, open-minded, forward-thinking, flexible)라는 단어를 이 비디오를 통해 같이 공유할 수 있으면 좋겠습니다.

과연 내가 죽음을 앞두고 저만큼 의연한 자세가 될 수 있을까? 생각해봅니다.
아주 긴 내용입니다. 이 미국의 자유로운 생각이 어떻게 세상에 펼쳐지는지 그의 이야기(강의)를 통해 느낄 수 있습니다.
미국대학교육을 간접적으로 경험할 수 있기도 합니다.
imagine+engineer의 의미를 함축하고 있는 디즈니월드의  imagineer(이미지니어)라는 단어는 참 인상적입니다.

Walt Disney Imagineering was formed by entertainment mogul Walt Disney on December 16, 1952 as WED Enterprises (WED being Disney's initials) to develop plans for a theme park and to manage Disney's personal assets. It was an independent, private company, owned by Walt Disney himself, but on Febrary 3,1965, was merged into Walt Disney Productions. It is known as Walt Disney Imagineering (WDI), Disney Imagineering, or simply Imagineering and occasionally does business as Theme Park Productions, Inc.

by wikipedia


우리의 많은 학생들이 공대에서 공학공부를 하고 공학 기술자에 머물고, 디자인 공부를 하고 디자인 기술자가 됩니다. 그 이상의 실력을 갖춘 사람을 필요로 하지도 않고, 이해하지 못하거나 이해할 능력이 없기 때문에 많은 실력자들이 기술자에 머물다 갑니다. 슬픈 일입니다. 이 비디오는 그런 것을 깨고 살아가는 이 무엇인지 보여줍니다. 그들 안에 들어가지 않고는 그들을 이해하기 어렵습니다. 혼자만의 조용한 시간을 내서 into해 보시길 권합니다.





Randolph Frederick "Randy" Pausch[2] (October 23, 1960 – July 25, 2008)
was an American professor of computer science and human-computer interaction and design at Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.  Pausch learned that he had pancreatic cancer in September 2006, and in August 2007 he was given a terminal diagnosis: "3 to 6 months of good health left". He gave an upbeat lecture titled "The Last Lecture: Really Achieving Your Childhood Dreams" on September 18, 2007, at Carnegie Mellon, which became a popular YouTube video and led to other media appearances. He then co-authored a book called The Last Lecture on the same theme, which became a New York Times best-seller.  Pausch died of complications from pancreatic cancer on July 25, 2008.

from wikipedia

The Last Lecture (2007)

The Last Lecture (18 September 2007)

  • We cannot change the cards we are dealt, just how we play the hand. If I don't seem as depressed or morose as I should be, I'm sorry to disappoint you.
  • We're not going to talk about spirituality and religion. Although I will tell you that I have experienced a deathbed conversion. I just bought a Macintosh.
  • So what is today's talk about then? It's about my childhood dreams and how I've achieved them — I've been very fortunate that way; how I believe I've been able to enable the dreams of others, and to some degree, lessons learned: I'm a professor — there should be some lessons learned — and how you can use the stuff you hear today to enable your dreams or enable the dreams of others. And as you get older you may find that enabling-the-dreams-of-others thing is even more fun.
  • When you're eight or nine years old and you look at the TV set men are landing on the moon — anything is possible. And that is something we need to not lose sight of, is that the inspiration and permission to dream is immense. [...] It's important to have specific dreams.
  • Have something to bring to the table, because that will make you more welcomed.
  • You’ve got to get the fundamentals down because otherwise the fancy stuff isn’t going to work.
  • He said, when you’re screwing up and nobody’s saying anything to you anymore, that means they gaveup. And that’s a lesson that stuck with me my whole life. Is that when you see yourself doing something badly and nobody’s bothering to tell you anymore, that’s a very bad place to be. Your critics are your ones telling you they still love you and care.
    • When Pausch spoke of "when you’re screwing up and nobody’s saying anything to you anymore, that means they gaveup." he was quoting an assistant coach of football coach James Graham
  • When you’re only doing it for one play and you’re just not where you’re supposed to be, and freedom’s just another word for nothing left to lose, boy are you going to clean somebody’s clock for that one play.
  • When you do something young enough and you train for it, it just becomes a part of you.
  • Experience is what you get when you didn't get what you wanted.
  • Having been selected to be an author in the World Book, I now believe that Wikipedia is a perfectly fine source for your information, because I know what the quality control is for real encyclopedias — they let me in.
  • The brick walls are there for a reason. The brick walls are not there to keep us out; the brick walls are there to give us a chance to show how badly we want something. The brick walls are there to stop the people who don't want it badly enough. They are there to stop the other people!
  • Wait long enough and people will surprise and impress you. He said, when you are pissed off at somebody, and you're angry at them, you just haven't given them enough time. Just give them a little more time — and they'll almost always impress you. And that really stuck with me. I think he's absolutely right on that one.
    • Quoting Jon Snoddy
  • It's very important to know when you're in a pissing match. And it's very important to get out of it as quickly as possible.
  • What he said was: "You obviously don't know where the bar should be, and you're only going to do a disservice by putting it anywhere." And boy was that good advice.
    • Quoting the advice of Andries van Dam on challenging his students after they already completed excellent performances on their first two week assignment.

* The best gift an educator can give is to get someone to become self reflective.

  • The best way to teach somebody something is to have them think they're learning something else.
  • Respect authority while questioning it.
    • Presentation placard
  • I'm dying and I'm having fun. And I'm going to keep having fun every day I have left.
  • You just have to decide whether you are Tigger or an Eeyore]. You have to be clear where you stand on the Tigger/Eeyore debate.
  • Never lose the child-like wonder. It's just too important. It's what drives us.
  • Help others.
  • It took me a long time but I finally figured it out: when it comes to men that are romantically interested in you, it's really simple: just ignore everything they say, and only pay attention to what they do. It's that simple. It's that easy.
    • Quoting a CMU secretary
  • You get people to help you by telling the truth; by being earnest. I'll take an earnest person over a hip person every day, because hip is short-term, earnest is long term.
  • You can't get there alone and I believe in karma.
  • Tell the truth.
  • Be earnest.
  • Apologize when you screw up.
  • Focus on other people, not on yourself.
  • Remember brick walls let us show our dedication. They are there to separate us from the people who don't really want to achieve their childhood dreams.
  • The best of the gold’s at the bottom of barrels of crap.
  • Get a feedback loop and listen to it. ... When people give you feedback, cherish it and use it.
  • Show gratitude.
  • Don't complain; just work harder.
  • Be good at something. It makes you valuable.
  • Junior faculty members used to come up to me and say. "Wow, you got tenure early; what's your secret?" I said, "It's pretty simple, call me any Friday night in my office at 10 o'clock and I'll tell you."
  • Find the best in everybody.
  • Luck is truly where preparation meets opportunity.
  • Did you figure out the head fake? It's not about how to achieve your dreams. It's about how to lead your life. If you lead your life the right way, the karma will take care of itself. The dreams will come to you.
  • Did you figure out the second head fake? This talk's not for you. It's for my kids.


Time Management (2007)

Presentation slides from Randy Pausch's Time Management Lecture on November 27, 2007
  • Being successful doesn’t make you manage your time well. Managing your time well makes you successful!
  • Good judgment comes from experience. Experience comes from bad judgment.
  • Failing to plan is planning to fail. Plan Each Day, Each Week, Each Semester. You can always change your plan, but only once you have one!
  • Clutter is death; it leads to thrashing. Keep desk clear: focus on one thing at a time.
  • Make your office comfortable for you, and optionally comfortable for others.
  • You don’t find time for important things, you make it.
  • Everything you do is an opportunity cost. Learn to say “No”
  • Everyone has Good and Bad Times. Find your creative/thinking time. Defend it ruthlessly, spend it alone, maybe at home. Find your dead time. Schedule meetings, phone calls, and mundane stuff during it.
  • Avoiding Procrastination: Doing things at the last minute is much more expensive than just before the last minute. Deadlines are really important: establish them yourself!
  • Delegation: No one is an island. You can accomplish a lot more with help.
  • Turn money into time – especially important for people with kids.
  • Eat and sleep and exercise. Above all else!
  • General Advice: Never break a promise, but re-negotiate them if need be. If you haven’t got time to do it right, you don’t have time to do it wrong. Recognize that most things are pass/fail. Feedback loops: ask in confidence.


Randy Pausch - The Last Lecture reprised



The Last Lecture (2008)

  • Coach Graham use to ride me hard . . . "you're doing it all wrong! Go back! Do it again!" An assistant coach muttered that it was a good thing Coach Graham rode me hard, because "when you're screwing up and nobody says anything to you anymore, that means they've given up on you."
    • Chapter 7: I Never Made it in the NFL, pp. 36 - 37
  • There's a lot of talk these days about giving children self-esteem. It's not something you can give; it's something they have to build. Coach Graham worked in a no-coddling zone. Self-esteem? He knew there was really only one way to teach kids how to develop it; You give them something they can't do, they work hard until they find they can do it, and you just keep repeating the process.
    • Chapter 7: I Never Made it in the NFL, pp. 36 - 37
  • Complaining does not work as a strategy. We all have finite time and energy. Any time we spend whining is unlikely to help us achieve our goals. And it won't make us happier.
    • Chapter 32: Don't Complain, Just Work Harder, p. 139
  • When told by a female colleague about how a girl can pick the right guy, she said . . . "When it comes to men who are romantically interested in you, it's really simple. Just ignore everything they say and only pay attention to what they do."
    • Chapter 37: Watch What They Do, Not What They Say, p. 146
  • As stated in the book, the First Penguin award went to students who went out on a limb and failed! This came "from the notion that when penguins are about to jump into water that might contain predators, well, somebody's got to be the first penguin." So, even if there are failures, it brings experience. Experience is what you get when you didn't get what you wanted. And experience is often the most valuable thing you have to offer.
    • Chapter 39: Be the First Penguin, p. 149
  • I've always admired people who are over-prepared. In college, I had a classmate named Norman Meyrowitz. One day he was giving a presentation on an overhead projector" and the bulb subsequently went out. The class thought the presentation was over. "It's okay," Norm announced . . . and he went to his backpack and grabbed an extra bulb he brought with him.
    • Chapter 46: All You Have Is What You Bring With You, p. 160
  • If I could only give three words of advice, they would be, "tell the truth." If I got three more words, I'd add: "All the time."
    • Chapter 48: Tell the Truth, p. 163
  • The questions are always more important than the answers."
  • You can always change you plan, but only if you have one.."
  • People are more important than things."
  • A good apology is like antibiotic, a bad apology is like rubbing salt in the wound."
  • Its important to have specific dreams. Dream Big. Dream without fear."
  • Too many people go through life complaining about their problems. I've always believed that if you took one tenth the enrgy you put into complaining and applied it to solving the problem, you'd be surprised by how well things can work out."
  • It's not how hard you hit. It's how hard you get hit...and keep moving forward."
  • When you're screwing up and nobody says anything to you anymore, that means they've given up on you."
  • Time is all you have and you may find one day that you have less than you think."
  • Look, I'm going to find a way to be happy, and I'd really love to be happy with you, but if I can't be happy with you, then I'll find a way to be happy without you."
  • The key question to keep asking is, Are you spending your time on the right things? Because time is all you have."
  • Never give up: There are certain times that you think, “OK, you have beaten me down to my knees. And now the challenge is, I am on my knees and you keep on beating me down. And the question is, are you going to keep beating me all the way to the ground or will I find a way to struggle my way back on to my feet.”
  • We all stand on the dart board and very few of us catch the darts. Do not think it is unfair. It is fair but you are unlucky.
  • Do not tell people how to live their lives. Just tell them stories. And they will figure out how those stories apply to them.
  • Treat the Disease, Not the Symptom.
  • And he (Andy Van Dam) put his arm around my shoulders and we went for a little walk and he said, Randy, it's such a shame that people perceive you as so arrogant. Because it's going to limit what you're going to be able to accomplish in life. What a hell of a way to word "you're being a jerk." [laughter] Right? He doesn't say you're a jerk. He says people are perceiving you this way and he says the downside is it's going to limit what you're going to be able to accomplish.



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CMU Graduation speech (2008)

  • We don't beat the reaper by living longer, but by living well, and living fully — for the reaper will come for all of us. The question is: what do we do between the time we're born and the time he shows up. Because when he shows up, it’s too late to do all the things that you’re always gonna, kinda get around to.
  • It is not the things we do in life that we regret on our death bed. It is the things we do not. I assure you I've done a lot of really stupid things, and none of them bother me. All the mistakes, and all the dopey things, and all the times I was embarrassed — they don't matter. What matters is that I can kind of look back and say: Pretty much any time I got chance to do something cool I tried to grab for it — and that's where my solace comes from.
  • You will need find your passion. Many of you have already done it, many of you will later, many of you may take to your thirties or forties, but don't give up on finding it. Right, then all you are doing is waiting for the reaper. Find your passion and follow it. And if there is anything that I have learned in life, you will not find that passion in things. And you will not find that passion in money. Because the more things and the more money you have, the more you will just look around and use that as the metric — and there will always be someone with more. Your passion must come from the things that fuel you from the inside. And honors and awards are nice things, but only to the extent that they ragard real respect from your peers. And to be thought of well by people you think of more highly up is a tremendous honor I've been granted. Find your passion, and in my experience, no matter what you do at work or which yo do in in official settings, that passion will be grounded in people. It will be grounded in the relationships you have with people and what they think of you when your time comes.
from wikiquote


스티브 잡스- 기로, 사랑, 죽음
영국영어와 미국영어 소리비교-1
옳은것과 그른것
간단한 영어말하기연습-여가활동과 취미



posted by 써니의 뉴욕노트 & 잭스피킹 호흡영어




posted by Sunny in New York

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